Non Pesticidal Management

CSA has pioneered the concept of Non Pesticidal Management which is now practiced by millions of farmers in Andhra Pradesh. The ecological and economical problems of pests and pesticides in agriculture gave rise to several eco-friendly innovative approaches which do not rely on the use of chemical pesticides. These initiatives involved rediscovering traditional practices and contemporary grass root innovations supplemented by strong scientific analysis mainly supported by non-formal institutions like NGOs. Such innovations have begun to play an important role in development sector. This trend has important implications both for policy and practice. One such initiative by Centre for Sustainable Agriculture was Non Pesticidal Management. The “Non Pesticidal Management” which emanates from collaborative work of public institutions, civil society organizations and Farmers in Andhra Pradesh shows how diverse players join hands to work in generating new knowledge and practice, can evolve more sustainable models of development. Pest is not a problem but a symptom. Disturbance in the ecological balance among different components of crop ecosystem makes certain insects reach pest status. From this perspective evolved the Non Pesticidal Management which is an “ecological approach to pest management using knowledge and skill based practices to prevent insects from reaching damaging stages and damaging proportions by making best use of local resources, natural processes and community action.”

CSA collaborated with Society for Elimination of Rural Poverty (SERP) of government of Andhra Pradesh) between 2005-06 to 2007-08 to scaleup the NPM practices through a systematic Community Managed Extension System.  The program is today independently run by SERP across the states of Andhra Pradesh (13 districts, 388 mandals and 8,799 villages) and Telangana (9 districts. 295 mandals and 5,421 villages)

The data shows that the pesticide use reduction between 2005-06 was more than 50% in AP which is highest compared to any other state with similar cropping systems and production practices (Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujarat, Punjab and Haryana)

Pesticide use in India  2005-06 to 2009-10
S.No. States/UTs 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10
1 Andhra Pradesh 1997 1394 1541 1381 1015
2 Gujarat 2700 2670 2660 2650 2750
3 Haryana 4560 4600 4390 4288 4070
4 Jammu & Kashmir 1433 829 1248 2679.27 1640
5 Karnataka 1638 1362 1588 1675 1647
6 Kerala 571 545 780 272.69 631
7 Madhya Pradesh 787 957 696 663 645
8 Maharashtra 3198 3193 3050 2400 4639
9 Orissa 963 778 N/A 1155.75 1588
10 Punjab 5610 5975 6080 5760 5810
11 Rajasthan 1008 3567 3804 3333 3527
12 Tamil Nadu 2211 3940 2048 2317 2335
13 Uttar Pradesh 6671 7414 7332 8968 9563
14 West Bengal 4250 3830 3945 4100 NA
  Total in India (in round fig.) 39773 41515 43630 43860 41822

Source: Agricensus 2005 http://ppqs.gov.in/IpmPesticides.htm

Several National and International studies have shown the impacts of the NPM on farmers livelihoods and environment.

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